Edited by Adam Roberts and Timothy Garton Ash, 2009, Oxford University Press
This collection of essays on nonviolent resistance over the past century begins with Literature on Civil Resistance in Historical Context (chapter 2) and Gandhi and Civil Resistance in India, 1917-1947: Key Issues (chapter 3) and carries through to The Moment of the Monks: Burma, 2007 (chapter 21).
Of note to this grouping of non-resistance posts: chapter 15, The 1989 Demonstrations in Tienanmen Square and Beyond: Echoes of Gandhi by Merle Goldman.
What started as a protest against a shopping mall replacing a park has become a revolution against a Prime Minister increasing his grip on the country. This image refers to the local media being in the hands of the government, and for example, broadcasting a penguin documentary on CNNTurk rather than protest coverage.
A portion of the Opportunity rover was crafted from rubble of the 9/11 terrorist attack on New York City:
"The cable guard made of metal from the World Trade Center is on Opportunity’s rock abrasion tool, which was built and is operated by Honeybee Robotics, New York.
The color portion of the image combines three exposures taken through different filters by Opportunity’s panoramic camera to yield approximate true color as the human eye would see it on Mars. The black-and-white portion of the view, providing context, comes from Opportunity’s navigation camera.” (nasa.gov)
Credit: NASA/JPL-Caltech/Cornell/Arizona State Univ.
This video was shot in 1989 and describes the “Tank Man,” a one-man, nonviolent resistance to tanks arriving as part of the Chinese government’s answer to Tienanmen Square.
At 5:05: Charles Cole, photojournalist, says,”I’m thinking this guy is gonna be killed any moment now, and if he is, I just can’t miss this. This is something he’s giving his life for. It’s my responsibility to record it as accurately as possible.”
At 7:32: Professor Bruce Herschensohn, of Pepperdine University, says, “He [tank man] helped to change the Soviet Union. [Eastern European activists] said, “If that kid in China stood in front of those tanks, we can do what we are doing.” What this young man did was, in effect, change the world.”
Jan. 4, 2004 - A traveling robotic geologist from NASA has landed on Mars and returned stunning images of the area around the landing site in Gusev Crater.…NASA chose Spirit’s landing site…based on evidence from Mars orbiters that this crater may have held a lake long ago….Spirit’s task is to spend the next three months exploring for clues in rocks and soil about whether the past environment at this part of Mars was ever watery and suitable to sustain life.
Oct., 2004 - “We haven’t seen a single unaltered volcanic rock, since we crossed the boundary from the plains into the hills, and I’m beginning to suspect we never will,” said Dr. Steve Squyres of Cornell University, Ithaca, N.Y., principal investigator for the science payload on both rovers. “All the rocks in the hills have been altered significantly by water. We’re having a wonderful time trying to work out exactly what happened here,” he added.
May, 2007 PASADENA, Calif. - A patch of Martian soil analyzed by NASA’s rover Spirit is so rich in silica that it may provide some of the strongest evidence yet that ancient Mars was much wetter than it is now. The processes that could have produced such a concentrated deposit of silica require the presence of water.
Jan, 2010 WASHINGTON - “We told the world last year that attempts to set the beloved robot free may not be successful. It looks like Spirit’s current location on Mars will be its final resting place,” said Doug McCuistion, director of the Mars Exploration Program at NASA Headquarters in Washington.
(all excerpts are from press releases at nasa.gov)
Permanent link to this comic: http://xkcd.com/695/